Market agriculture arises from the search for greater economic benefits

The market agriculture is characteristic of societies that have modified their agricultural space with modern technology, also specializing in certain crops and increasing productivity. It is a characteristic of developed agriculture and plantations of the tropics, roughly a third of the world. Its main features are the fact that it is a market agriculture (or commercial), the prevalence of specialized monoculture, livestock feed stabled and fed, large capital investments, the use of modern machinery and new techniques, employment fertilizers and high productivity.

Agriculture intensive market of the “old countries”

It’s taking place in Western Europe and Japan, and maintains a dual agriculture, because on one hand, less evolved regions smallholder preserved traditional agricultural landscapes, the result of the historical heritage, and on the other hand, innovations resulting from industrialization led to modern intensive farms to provide optimal performance.

Agriculture extensive market “new countries”

Agriculture is practiced in countries with a more recent agricultural history, such as the United States, Canada, Australia or New Zealand. The farms, therefore, created from scratch using modern technologies. Because you have large areas of land as the population density is low and settles scattered habitats, agriculture has an extensive character. Agricultural activity is managed by modern agricultural companies, specializes in monocultures and is engaged in commerce, mainly abroad.


Agriculture of the United States is one of the most representative. The farmers are organized into large companies that own large farms specializing in a particular crop. These are called belts or belts crop such as corn belt, the belt of wheat or cotton belt, but the exhaustion of the land has forced change on crops, combining cereal or legume pastures. Some of the main features of this type of agriculture is the great extension of irrigation, seed selection, organization of farms almost like industrial companies, the use of the latest techniques and the relationship with commercial firms supply for market the products obtained.

Plantation Agriculture Market

Evolved landscape is present in developing countries, living with other traditional type landscapes. It is located mainly in tropical and subtropical regions, mainly in former colonial spaces because its origin is in European colonial expansion from the sixteenth century, and the plantations supplied the Western countries of products that were deficient. From the thirties of the twentieth century, these farmers are suffering a crisis of overproduction, forcing improvements in their farming systems.

It is a distinctly speculative farming, specializing in highly sought specific monoculture in developed countries. The products can be grown food (banana, pineapple, coffee or cocoa, for example) or industrial (such as rubber, cotton or snuff). Production is fully export through large multinational companies (like United Fruit Company), so that plantations tend to be located near the roads. Agriculture is a very sophisticated and very tech, which is perfectly adapted to the climatic and soil conditions of each area. It is a highly profitable, because it uses very modern techniques and the most favorable deals. It also has large areas of land and abundant cheap labor sourced locally.