The West is a lot of noise around the copyright when it comes to his own works, but is silent when the intellectual property of developing countries is stolen.

Periodically, Americans and Europeans echauffieren about copyright infringement and the theft of intellectual property rights, which are widespread in developing countries, and also regularly threatened with the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property (TRIPs). Even, however, they take without asking, out of the law, even the last remaining unexploited resources of developing countries, the flora and fauna and biodiversity in all its profitable DNA structures to take claim for themselves and patenting .

India’s neem tree

In 1985 appropriated to a U.S. company to the Indian neem tree, which contains about 100 different substances, which consist in the trunk, the bark, the leaves and the fruits vary. Products made from the neem tree are used as insecticides against locusts, mosquito larvae or beetle, as a fungicide, spermicide, fertilizer and animal feed. Neem drugs are used in India for 2000 years for anemia, hypertension, hepatitis, diabetes, skin diseases, leprosy, urticaria, thyroid disorders and digestive disorders. In addition, neem helps in cancer, lowers cholesterol and has been used for centuries to have an abortion. Indian researchers have confirmed this effect.

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In that year, was an American timber merchant a neem extract under the name Margosan-O patent, which he subsequently sold to the chemical giant WR Grace and Co. Thus, the floodgates were opened. Between 1985 and 1995, were approved in the U.S. and Europe 37 patents to use neem plants and develop. Even a Neem toothpaste has been developed. This has been something (In India it is estimated 14 million neem trees), which was in India since time immemorial, freely available, developed by Indians during the course of millennia and varied, was suddenly owned by American and European multinational corporations.

A crop from the Andes

1994 received two researchers at the University of Colorado, U.S. Patent No. 5,304,718, which granted them the exclusive monopoly over the Bolivian Apelawa quinoa. Quinoa is a protein-containing cereals, which had long been before the Incas, one of the staple food of the Andean peoples . Suddenly these Andean people may not use a plant that belonged since the creation of plant life to its ecosystem. In September 1997, U.S. Patent No. 5,663,484 solved in “Basmati rice lines and grains product”, which had acquired the Texan company RiceTec of Prince Hans-Adam of Liechtenstein, of international outrage and a brief diplomatic crisis between the U.S. and India . Rice Tec was then his claim to a large extent. The so-called biopiracy cases piled up in the following years.

Rice in the Philippines

As the Andean inhabitants were those of the Igorot of the Philippines, called the bubod for thousands of years with an indigenous yeast, producing with basi (sugarcane wine) and Gamu (a seed that can be found in the forest) their own particular Tapey (rice wine). In addition, the developed various Maniokarten Igorot, numerous rice varieties that thrive under particular environmental conditions, rice for cold weather, hot weather for rice, rice for flooded areas, rice for dry regions. A single village has often seed for ten rice varieties for different weather conditions and soil. Meanwhile, explore, analyze patents and rob American chemical companies, agricultural and biotechnology companies, the types of Igorot rice, and no one asks for their intellectual property.

Sales of human DNA data

Since it is hardly surprising that U.S. companies also acquire human DNA data. 1993 at the U.S. Department of Commerce and Trade for a patent application for the T-cell of a Guaymi woman from Panama was filed, was the special human viruses (HTLV) infection, which may be helpful in fighting cancer. The request sparked an international outcry and was withdrawn. This is the U.S. National Institutes of Health held, however, does not depend on the patenting of DNA of a man-Hagahai people in Papua New Guinea. It failed at this attempt to lay claim to possess human genes, and commercially exploit, to international protests. But since then, the attempts to patent the genes of the original peoples multiplied. And on the Internet today can buy any open blood cells of Amazonian Indians.

Again and again tried to governments of affected developing countries, negotiations on international agreements on bio-security and protection of biological diversity to stimulate. So far, the United States routinely blocked each of these tests and accused the initiators of such efforts to impede international free trade and threatened to take action such as WTO action or economic sanctions.