Discussed the reform of work decided by the Minister Fornero has led to substantial changes in employment contracts and job security. The key word is flexibility which results, however, in a greater ease of dismissal and in a lesser possibility of reintegration. Let’s look at the “atypical” contracts most popular ones, that is, that over time are becoming the true standard to enter the world of work.

Project contract

Different from the old contract coordinated and continuous collaboration, the contract project work is one of the most common forms for recruitment of young and old. Changes to this contract have identified several restrictions to avoid what often happens in companies and that is that under a contract formally registered as project work is hidden, however, an employment relationship. The peculiarities of the project contract is then that the work indicates a goal to achieve , within specified limits, by a worker who independently manage one or more phases of work suitable for the achievement of its target.

labour-contract

In the project contract, also not covered the trial period and the remuneration as decided by Fornero, must necessarily comply with a minimum set by national collective agreements . May be dismissed for just cause or professional unsuitability and any period of disease leads to a suspension of the contract but not terminated. It should be noted that the suspension does not imply an extension in the duration of the contract and for the taxpayers the 2/3 shall be borne by the company and the remainder paid by the employee.

Apprenticeship contract

This is the formula most common among young people and the most desirable, according to the minister Fornero, to ensure that young people entering the world of work through the front door with a period professionalized them and make them eligible to compete in company with subsequent contract indefinitely. The apprenticeship contract can be of three types. The first, qualification and professional degrees , it can be concluded with boys aged 15 to 25 years of age for a maximum of 3 years or 4 in the case of regional four-year degree. The second, also called contract job , affects young people aged 18 to 29 years with a maximum duration of 3 years, 5 for the artisans.

The apprenticeship of higher education and research, however while involving young people aged 18 to 29 years, duration to be agreed with the regions, universities, other educational institutions and social partners. Who is taken with one of these formulas will have to follow training with the presence of a company tutor, enjoy all the guarantees and security provided by the other insurance contracts of employment and in the case of illness include a contract extension of 30 days.

Fixed-term contract

The fixed-term contract, which can be a real need for a number of companies, is a form of intake also provided by the Minister Fornero that however many restrictions to prevent abuse. The maximum duration of a contract of this type, in fact, may not exceed three years. The same, however, can be renewed only after a break of at least 60 days. The contract to be drawn up in writing, may be verbal if and only if the period of work required does not exceed 12 days and it is strictly prohibited to replace striking workers for companies not in compliance with the Occupational Safety and for those who apply layoffs or have made ​​redundancies in the previous 6 months. In any case, the company will have to justify the assumption of fixed-term factors such as production peaks due, for example, seasonal work, replacement of staff on sick leave or vacation pay, etc.