Currently the management of any organization is an eminently strategic function that projects into the human factor is the key to its success.

A school is like any other organization and should know how to handle all operation processes involving harmonic (administrative, academic, etc) because when it does begin to present problems affecting areas such as planning, control and address of school.

The organization of the school

An educational institution can not escape the problems concerning the organization and functioning of its structures and for that reason it is advisable to pay special attention to the training and performance of individuals, who are responsible for maintaining the support of the organization. The smooth functioning of an organization depends largely on the role they play their key players, so she seeks concrete action to improve the design of jobs and offer staff the opportunity to improve their services and get a comprehensive education on the job . Attention has focused organizations to provide mechanisms that provide opportunities for staff professional and personal growth.


Administrative systems and organizational cultures

An administrative system is a group or team of specialists who are responsible for various tasks in the organization, which are related to practices of planning, organizing, directing, controlling and evaluating. At the same time, each given its organizational culture, can be considered as a system or adhocratico bureaucratic. Systems bureaucratic administration, prevent “spontaneous collaboration” of employees to solve problems and that power is concentrated in the center and communication is vertical.

The adhocracy quest for a less detailed and formal administration. Constitute the ideal organization of ad hoc teams, no permanent offices or functional departments. The authority will tend to be decentralized among which are closer to certain tasks and not be fixed in staff officers away in a bureaucratic chain of command. However, the success of a global administrative system depends on good performance of the tasks and they have to adapt to the people who carry them out.

Learning organizations

Calls learning organizations are those who care and training of its workers, providing them with the opportunity to further training for the improvement of all organizational processes. Learning organizations should aim to achieve the objectives, goals and objectives outlined in its mission, but this requires investment in intellectual capital and human resources training, possessing the skills required by the center.

The adaptation mechanisms need

Currently, the organizational task is not easy, so it is important to develop coping mechanisms for rigid and inflexible structures of our organizations. Today, the management and administration of schools is an eminently strategic function, which projects onto people their main key to success. These administrative mechanisms developed gradually with the explosion of the Industrial Revolution , when companies began to emerge and with them, the problems associated with the administration of resources, staff and direct production processes.

During the 60s, the administrative capacity to begin to grounded educational area for center management and improving productivity. Years later it became clear that many of the administrative problems in organizations having to do with human and mechanical phenomena. With this discovery, we introduced the idea that workers had emotional and psychological needs that should be considered to improve productivity.

Common sources of difficulty

The problems associated with people are those with the highest incidence. According to the classification of the book: Development of administrative capacity for education (Editorial Trillas, 1978), these are:

* A weak direction
* The deadweight
* The naysayers
* The misplaced


A competency management model will improve worker productivity, encouraging teamwork, creativity, problem solving and decision making. The time when knowledge was essential to get a place in the workplace has been transforming; possess the knowledge is as important as knowing how to implement them. Being responsible also means knowing and applying the known to areas of real life. Undoubtedly the competency model will be implemented in other areas, as the benefits are recognized in other countries that have adopted it as a solution to the problems facing their areas of work.