Some of the figures that are not mentioned when talking about unemployment and that are important to understand the processes related to the labor market.

According to the latest figures from the EPA (Labour Force Survey) In Spain about 20% of the population is unemployed. But who is affected by the rate? What populations are most affected?

The groups most affected by unemployment, then and now

Each quarter, in recent years, the media are eagerly giving unemployment data published by the INE to know if the figure has been reduced. If in the third quarter of 2005, the unemployment rate was barely 8.42 in Third Quarter of 2011 was around 20%This rate has nearly tripled. And it seems that this will not improve short-term.


But what does that rate? How is it calculated? This does not mean that 20% of the Spanish population are unemployed, but those who do not work, 20% says it is actively seeking employment . management has made some two weeks before the survey to find work.Of these, more than two million a year ago who are unemployed, which means over 12% of the unemployed. However, this is not a characteristic time of crisis. Thus, in the same quarter of 2005, 34% of unemployed men had more than a year in unemployment from his latest work.

This is one of the features that are still maintained in the Spanish labor market. If many have been told that the crisis affected more men for the summary of the housing bubble, it is true that the unemployment rate for men has doubled since the same period in 2005, which is that the presence unemployment rate has matched between the two sexes. The crisis has made men and women converge in this area, which is the only principle that can be seen in the EPA.

How much and who they work?

If it has been said that 20% of the population is looking for a job because you do not, 57% of the women who work do so part time. For men this figure is around thirty percent. In 2005, before the crisis, the figures were very similar, because the crisis has not changed these behaviors segregated in the labor market.The highest unemployment rates are among the youngest. One solution is to keep studying. So much so that in Spain about forty percent of the population have higher education (fte. Eurostat). And now, another alternative that they are raising young people are leaving the country to find work in other geographical areas such as England, also under the pretext of improving the English, for some time with us that complex.

In 2010 and was estimated according to the INE That net migration was negative in Spain, the truth is that it is difficult to know the real Spanish population mobility due to the composition of the European borders. We can move freely within the EU countries and the phenomenon of migration is more complex to understand that immigration simply a matter of dispersion, and free movement within the Union.

The employment situation in Spain

After this overview of statistics, one can conclude that the crisis away from creating new situations that were not in the Spanish labor market, which has done is radicalize and catalyze processes that were already known: temporary, partial to women and long-term unemployment, as indicated by the figures.The population is getting out of the country seeking a better future, as did their fathers, mothers, grandfathers and grandmothers. Now the profile seems to have changed, young people leave college, and that as foreigners residing in Spain, it appears that job opportunities for these graduates are not superior, but more information would be missing in this regard .

To conclude that it is not possible to know exactly the number of Spanish who are abroad because their calculation depends on the will of the people outside, they must register at the consulates, and the European Union, the Spanish can not need this at all.