Labour law is the right of workers. It has a number of legal bases in Germany. It is part of Private Law, Public Law part.

The labor is divided into the individual employment law and collective labor. The individual labor law regulates the relations between workers and employers. This ratio is called a working relationship . the basis of this relationship is the contract of employment. This Agreement may be closed informally that is, it must exist a written employment contract, and still may be an effective working relationship. An employee is a person who has signed a contract with an employer on labor services to a regular payment the employee is entitled under this contract is bound by instructions in a dependent relationship to the employer. First and foremost, workers, employees and trainees are employed under § 5 Labour Court Act. They are for disputes arising from labor law and fair court of competent jurisdiction, the labor courts. There are disputes in labor courts for the first Instance, regional labor courts and the Federal Labour Court in Erfurt.


Individual Employment Law , Rights and Obligations

In the area of ​​individual labor law to meet each of the parties, the employee and the employer, rights and obligations. The duties of the employee are primarily the performance of work and the company regardless of the legal property of the employer in carrying out the work. He has, in comparison, be entitled to payment of wages, on vacation, on sick pay and sick leave to the consideration of the employer to its interests. The employer must take to a special duty of care to the employee.

The collective labor, the strike

The collective labor law includes, among other things, all legal formulation for the standardization of working conditions. This is found in the industrial relations law, in the collective bargaining law, the law of the severely disabled and the occupational safety and many other laws. The labor dispute, strike, also called, is the most popular means of organized and unorganized workers in co-operation with employers, but is still run by the unions. Financial support experience but the only time in the strike organized labor. In the days of the strike is not the work required of the employee or the employer’s obligation to pay compensation.

Labor, Instances and costs

In the labor courts, there are three instances, the Labour Court, the State Industrial Court and the Federal Labour Court. The right of labor courts is regulated by the Labour Court Act. The labor courts and the state labor courts in the chambers are filled with one professional judge and two lay judges. The lay judges were selected from each of the sphere of workers and employers. At the Federal Labour Court, there are lay judges, but there three professional judges sitting in the senates. The local jurisdiction is located in the first instance in proceedings before the Labour Court under § 46 paragraph 2 sentence 1 ArbGG as for the actions before the civil courts of the Code of Civil Procedure.