The employment data in Germany refrain 40 million active workers and an unemployment rate of 6%, but there are side effects worthy of analysis.

The Germany of today is the result of structural reforms yesterday

Much credit for the employment figures offered the job market in Germany today, fall on the reforms undertaken by the government of Chancellor Schroeder in 2003, these reforms on labor and social structure allowing Germany medium to long term, a competitive labor market and flexible. Even before the reform period, between 1990 and 1995, the policy of wage increases in Germany suffered a significant slowdown with increases that did not exceed 2% on average compared to increases of 4.5% in Spain, then immersed in work wage convergence with developed Europe. The reforms implemented affect (and are affected), both labor rights and the wage structure, however, despite the sacrifices made ​​by German unions in recent years, the average wage gap between Germany and Spain is still at 6,500 € / year in favor of the Germans.

German employees work 250 hours less than the Spanish

Another fact to consider is that in all collective bargaining in Germany , will sign agreements with an average of 1420 hours a year, which means that German workers carried an average of 250 hours less than the Spanish. However, this reduction in annual day not a drain on productivity rates, since their economic model is strongly oriented to efficiency and has a strong technical support and credit.


One of the great achievements of the German labor market is undoubtedly the reduction achieved on over qualification, so that while in the European Union represents a rate of 25%, in Germany the figures do not exceed 18%. This shows how the system of vocational training in Germany is extremely effective and is mainly aimed at the business world, the job market gets correlate satisfactorily the studies conducted by the student with the job.

While industry employs 11 million Germans, services employ 30 million

Naturally the economic and labor of the Germany of the early twenty-first century has a very different sectoral structure of the “German miracle” of mid-century, which had a strong industrial component majority. In this sense, is a first-order explanatory variable the fact that the services sector in Germany employs over 30 million people, compared with 11 million who work in the industry, an industry that despite the reduction of its weight in the GDP, is still the pride and the spearhead of its economy.

However, this new reality result in much of the global economy, which has been instrumental in installing certain precariousness in the German labor market. For example, must be analyzed in depth and perspective, yes the famous mini jobs , are an acceptable solution for young or just temporary shelters for the first job that will end marginalization and encouraging greater labor market segmentation in Germany for young .

The lights and shadows in the labor market in Germany

In Germany today, despite the low rate of unemployment, insecurity has skyrocketed, and the part-time contract arises as the usual formula for job search, this without prejudice to the higher frequency of temporary contracts and use of temporary agency work as usual formula of offering and find a job.The social protection of workers in Germany, unemployment insurance, subsidies and social benefits to the most disadvantaged, (the welfare state in general) have been reduced significantly in recent years, offering coverage in some cases are below the levels of social protection of other less prosperous countries of the EU. From a global perspective it is clear that the situation in Germany is in the light of current circumstances transits through the euro zone an enviable, therefore guarantee their figures, but must refine and clarify certain circumstances and realities not so positive that have become part of the employment structure of the German “locomotive of Europe.”