The classic stages of the administration were proposed by the French engineer, one of the most important representatives of this science.

The administration was developed through the centuries as a discipline that was considered more an art than a science, so that its application was almost an exercise in the skills personal responsibility for the management of company resources, and this of course meant that the results depended almost exclusively on the capacity and experience of “director” or “boss” to lead the social group to the desired goals, however, this caused an undesirable lack of certainty to the lack of principles, strategies, policies and other features that give the possibility to ensure the exercise of good management, solid, consistent and above all, be replicated in any other group and any other charge or “boss” of a company.


The emergence of the administrative and organizational management methodology

Already in the early twentieth century saw the need to provide the administration of a body of knowledge that will facilitate its application in all types of businesses and ensure the achievement of results at the lowest cost both in materials and human labor. Thus arose the administration “scientific” management was that more than industrial engineeringProposed by Frederick Taylor as part of an effort to provide the business management of a method and a technique that is primarily focused on the measurement of time and motion, which resulted in a mechanistic administration in those early years was good, but he needed deeper into the whole concept of coordination of resources to obtain overall objectives and not just cost reduction.

One can say that the “scientific management” described by Taylor, was actually a first attempt to combine the experience and knowledge of engineers, mathematicians, sociologists and other professionals in the industry to “build” a management theory, however, did need a deeper analysis of each of the functional areas and characteristics of companies that the administration gave him a true character of science.

Henri Fayol and his treatise on industrial management and general

In 1915, French engineer Henri Fayol published his treated industrial and general management, A work that finally gave the company management science real character, as proposed in a methodical and orderly, a body of knowledge that could be applied systematically to achieve the much desired coordination of corporate resources in obtaining objectives in an integrated manner.

In his book, Fayol not only proposes a scientific process of administration, but also with a unique style based, flexible, educational, accurate and well documented, what has made that it remains, until today, the source of subsequent methodical research in management.

The administrative process and its impact on business management

It is thanks to the contribution of Fayol that today we understand that the Administration implement a series of phases, stages and elements can make a tailor made for each and every one of the companies that apply this administrative science to achieve their organizational goals, to the point of being the basis of the theories, rules and standards such as ISO standards and other similar administrative models.

The administrative process and itemized statement by Henri Fayol in his work has been until today the foundation of the entire body of knowledge management and related disciplines is, therefore, its contribution to the field of human knowledge makes one of the leading thinkers of the social science, and yet has been relegated to a second term for purely propaganda that he was not worried at all by virtue of being more interested in advancing the management of companies of his international popularity.