First part of the article that details the elements that make up the so-called agricultural area

The agricultural landscape, in addition to being defined by the factors that shape it also is defined by elements that determine its structure, which are the plots, the ownership, operating system, crop types, cropping systems and rural habitat.

The plots

The plot is the elementary division of the agricultural area is the growing technical unit and is defined by its shape, by their concentration and their limits.

* Form of the plots: plots may have a regular (geometric) or, on the contrary an irregular shape. Generally, the first case is related to a recent occupation of the ground and the second is the result of a long historical process.
* The degree of concentration of the plots can be found scattered plots (when interspersed including roads, buildings or forest areas) or concentrated in relation to population centers and roads. The dispersion of the plots is not conducive to exploitation, so that from the 1950s is being carried out land consolidation, which allows greater mechanization and improved agricultural tasks lhasa profitability.
* The parcel boundaries: You can find two types of limits on the parcel, which is the open field (open field system) and the grove (closed camp system). In the open field, the plots are not closed, and are limited only by cairns or grooves. In the grove fields are surrounded by walls, stone embankments or hedges.

agriculture-elements

The ownership

The plots can have a single owner, and then we would talk privately owned or belong to a group of people, and talk time of communal property. Individual property: According to its surface and profitability can be:

* Smallholder: It is a small parcel, which may prevent optimal modernization, leading to economic stagnation.
* large estate: large plot, ideal for the implementation of a modern, mechanized agriculture, offering high profitability.

Communal or collective property: the communal or collective ownership can take many forms

* Tribal Regimes: Is the characteristic of primitive societies, especially in Africa. In these regimes, the land is understood as a family heritage or members of a community.
* Municipal property: was common in pre-industrial times, when the king or the feudal lord granted a territory to a rural community to repopulate and start a city. Today is almost extinct.
* State ownership. In capitalist countries now accounts for forest areas, with the protection of these areas a target of governments. In the former communist countries, all land belonged to the State, which leased to farmers.
* Cooperative Property: It is a special type of collective ownership, which aims to get certain services (irrigation, for example) or items (fertilizers, machinery) at better prices. For that, several farmers unite their land for a land suitable for mechanization, without losing ownership of their plots.