It is not a secret that the United States and China are the two world-leading nations with regard to economic growth and production. Yet, both countries rely on different political, economic and cultural mechanisms in order to achieve their peak positions in the international market.

The United States

Politically, the United States are a federal constitutional republic and a representative democracy, which means that the political leaders are elected by the people among mainly two political parties of which one is the Republican and the other is the Democratic Party. There are also smaller parties which represent interests like environmental issues or race issues, but these smaller groups usually do not have a chance to win the Presidential Elections. As a multinational state, the U.S. stands for a huge cultural and ethnic diversity.

economic growth

China

In contrast to that, China is one of the very few communist countries worldwide. It is a single-party state and often accused of restricting human rights such as the freedom of speech. Generally speaking, China is characterized as a more uniform state. Yet, this does not hamper the economic growth of the country. After the centrally planned economy period from 1949 until 1978, the economic structures became more market-oriented, which led to a more liberal economy and to the enormous growth of exports and investments.

In order to understand the importance if these developments, it is useful to consider China’s GDP 2011 which shows that China’s economy has made 11.316 trillion dollar in total. With that, the country’s economic growth was 9.2 percent. The reason for this growth partly lies in the export-oriented market culture in China, which means that a lot of products, like mobile phones, manufactured in China are sent abroad, and the label “Made in China” is one of the most popular labels in the whole world.