Diamonds may be of value and luxury items at the same time. To avoid an expensive bad buy, but a few basic things to be considered.

They sparkle in earrings and necklaces, decorate crowns worn by the super-rich or as extravagant accessory: Diamonds are a result of their relatively rare occurrence, their appearance and hardness as the king of gemstones. They are trading at such enormous prices that they were for decades for industrial purposes (cutting or grinding) rather synthetically produced. But what makes a real diamond so valuable?

The four C parameters of the valuation

A diamond is basically nothing other than a pencil lead also carbon. What distinguishes between them, is their material structure that makes diamonds the hardest material in the world. A large C is not only the chemical symbols of the diamond. There is also an abbreviation for the four basic data with which the value of the gemstone is determined. Therefore, one speaks of the four Cs of pricing.

The first C: Carat (weight)

The carat is the unit commonly probably best known classification of diamonds. The specification is based on an ancient unit, which referred to the seed kernel weight of the carob tree. A carat is therefore about 0.2 grams Since large diamonds are very rare and the treatment also dramatically lose weight, the carat of the diamond indicating a major price indicator.

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The second C: Cut (cutting and grinding)

Rough diamonds to see anything but desirable. Only the right look makes them expensive to purchase property. The appropriate treatment should therefore ensure that the diamond reaches a possible ideal light refraction. In principle, the seductive glamor of these gems is thus merely the result of perfect craftsmanship. Diamonds are cut into various shapes, which (all things being equal quality of the stone) can have large differences in price. A relatively unspectacular finish, for example, the drop shape. Considerably more complex and cost intensive, however, the existing myriad of brilliant cut facets (see photo). Its shape is considered the diamond symbol par excellence. Not only the amount of work makes diamonds so expensive, but even here the inevitable loss of material.

The third C: Colour (color)

The color contributes significantly to its appeal of the diamond. Although the diamond crystals are colorless in fact, it may be caused by tiny impurities or structural defects of all kinds of stains, to pink, purple or green. Discolorations are also often artificially created by irradiation, since naturally occurring colored diamonds as demand increases relatively rare. In the traditional classification, however, clear diamonds are considered particularly valuable, for example, an almost bluish shimmering white. Some experts have to evaluate the color of diamonds as a clear reference object.

The fourth C: Clarity (purity)

Just as important as color, finish and weight as the fourth factor is the purity of the price determination. It comes down to literally flawless results: What discovered an expert at ten times magnification on stone, decides on the classification and thus the price of diamonds. Even tiny inclusions or damage may affect the value of the stone tremendously. Of course, many flaws can be eliminated by the cut. However, this can turn the price variables “Cut” and “Carat” adversely affect .

Investment or jewelry?

The average consumer knows diamonds usually only in tiny design as part of a jewelry piece. Therefore, when the price of precious metals used and production costs are taken into account. This of course complicates the evaluation of real diamonds, which are edged in form, also leaves little to appraise realistically. Caution: Many a proverbial “Brilli” is actually not a diamond, but a more favorable price zircon. This is similar in appearance to the diamond, but differs in certain characteristics (size-weight ratio) of this. The difference can often find just the professionals. So anyone who buys a diamond in jewelry form, should also give priority to use the object in question the same way.

If a diamond on the other hand serve as a pure store of value, it is advisable to obtain detailed information and to consult an expert as a consultant. For he who pays the purchase only at the cost savings might find later that the supposed bargain is just overpriced junk with no real investment value. In general, however, be said that diamonds were in the past to the most stable value investments.